The Sciatica pain can be so severe and intense, that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve which is the largest nerve in our body. Sciatic nerve starts from lower spine through your Hips and all the way down to the foot. the main cause of sciatica pain is irritation in sciatic nerve and other causes includes ruptured disks, injury and narrowing of spine canal.
What is sciatica?
Sciatica is a pain that radiate through the buttocks and down the back of the legs and as far as to the foot resulting from the irritation of the Sciatic nerve. Sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body starts from lower spine through your Hips and all the way down to the foot.
Sciatica pain is caused by the compressing of sciatic nerve in lower back it can also results to the damage of nerve root can cause a lot of pain when that happens to be the sciatic nerve. Sciatica pain can range from a mild ache to sharp, severe pain. You can also get numbness, tingling, and weakness in your leg or foot.
Sciatica pain is usually felt only on one side of the body. Usually Constant pain in only one side of the buttock or leg (rarely in both legs) and it become worse while sitting.
Causes of Sciatica pain
Lumbar herniated disk is the most common cause of sciatica pain. Lumbar herniated disk when the soft inner material of the disc herniates, through the fibrous outer core and continuously irritates nerve root. Lumbar herniated disk is also known as disk slip, ruptured disc, bulging disc, etc. Lumbar herniated disk is the most common cause of sciatica pain.
You may be at increased risk of sciatica if you have a job that involves heavy lifting, twisting your back, or sitting for long periods of time. Age and diabetes also contribute to the risk of sciatica. Diabetes can increase the risk of nerve damage.
Other causes of sciatica include irritation of the nerve from adjacent bone, tumors, muscle, infection, internal bleeding, tumor and pregnency.
Symptoms of sciatica pain
Here are the some common symptoms of sciatica :
- Pain that radiates from your lower spine to your buttock and down the back of your leg is the most common symptom of sciatica.
- The pain can be mild ache to sharp, burning sensation, feels like a electric shock, pain get worse when sitting. Usually only one side of your body is affected.
- having numbness, tingling or muscle weakness in the affected leg.
- Pain that feels better when patients lie down or are walking.
Treatment of sciatica
Treatment of sciatica pain includes some tests like X-ray, or scans like computed assisted tomography (CT or CAT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Patients suffering from sciatic pain usually feel relive by doing some exercises suggested by doctors, applying heat and ice packs, having gentle massage, by maintaining proper sitting posture and by having some pain killers suggested by your doctors.
If patient did not get any relive the doctor may suggest some surgery.
Exercises for sciatica pain
Stretching exercises can be very helpful in treatment of sciatica pain, When patients engage in a regular program of gentle exercises, they can recover more quickly from sciatica pain and are less likely to have future episodes of pain. so here are some exercises for sciatic pain.
- reclining pigeon pose
- sitting pigeon pose
- forward pigeon pose
- knee to opposite shoulder
- sitting spinal stretch
- standing hamstring stretch
in order to know how to perform these listed exercises please click here